By Charles Mwewa

The Book of Revelation

1. The secrets are contained in a Book (v. 5:1)

2. The Book has seven seals (5:1)

3. Only Jesus can open the book, break the seals (5:5)

4. First Seal: White Horse (6:2) – warrior, conqueror

5. Second Seal: Red Horse (6:4) – peace through war

6. Third Seal: Black Horse (6:5) – judgment, food and drink

7. Fourth Seal: Ashen Horse (6:8) – Death, Hell, to kill with famine, sword and pestilences

8. Fifth Seal: Souls of Martyrs (6:9) – crying for revenge against those who killed them; rewards of saints with white robes, promised eternal bliss pending their other brothers

9. Sixth Seal: Earthquake/God’s Wrath (6:12) – Elements of heaven and earth gave way (Stars, sun, moon, trees, mountains, great fear and disturbances on earth)

10. Interlude before Last Seal is revealed (7:1 17)

· Wind is withheld

· Harming the earth

· Great throng of chosen people in white gather before God’s throne (out of tribulation) – to worship

· They will serve God and will not hunger or thirst anymore

· Lamb is now their shepherd, no suffering, no tears

11. Seventh Seal: Seven bowls of God’s wrath, and final redemption (Chapters 8 and 16)

11.1 Just at the breaking of the 7th seal

· There is great silence

· Seven Angels with Trumpets; 8th Angel with a golden sensor (incense; prayers of the saints) (8:3-5)

o First Trumpet: hail and fire mixed with blood thrown to the earth to destroy vegetation on earth (8:6-7)

o Second Trumpet: Burning mountain thrown into the seas to destroy creatures in the sea (8:7)

o Third Trumpet: Great Star (“Wormwood”), to destroy the water, making it bitter (8:10-11)

o Fourth Trumpet: Third of Light Sources (Sun, moon and star) struck, to dim the world (8:12

o An Eagle announces the last three trumpets (8:13), known as “Woes

o Fifth Trumpet [First Woe]: Personified Star is given the keys to the bottomless pit, to open it, to release locusts (which behaved like scorpions, appeared like battle horses, had crowns on their heads, had faces of men, had hair of women, had teeth of lions, with iron breastplates, and sounded like chariots, with stinging tails as of scorpions, and they are commanded by an angel general called “Abaddon” (Hebrew) or “Apollyon” (Greek) from Hell), to harm (just torture, but not kill – death would not happen, no matter how much one asks for it) only people (who had no seal of the God on their foreheads), not grass nor trees. This “woe” was to last five months (9:1-11)

o Sixth Trumpet [Second Woe]: Releasing the 4 Angels at River Euphrates, to kill a 3rd of humanity; these 4 angels had 200 million horsemen, with fire breastplates and mouths releasing fire, smoke and brimstone; the tails of the horses were venomous biting snakes (9:13-19)

o The rest of humanity not killed by the second woe did not repent (9:20)

o An angel appears with rainbow on his head holding a little book: He steps his right foot on the sea and his left on the land, and cries out in aloud voice to awake the “Seven Peals of Thunder [7POT]”, but what the 7POT spoke was not to be revealed. (10:1-ff);

o John is told to eat the little book – which will sweet but bitter in the stomach, in order for him to prophesy to the whole world (10:8-11)

o John is also told to measure the Temple of God, its altar and its worshippers, but not the outer court. The outer court is left for the nations, and during this time two authorized witnesses will testify in sackcloth to these “outer-court” nations for 1260 [In heaven, these 2 witnesses stand as 2 olive trees and 2 lampstands before the “Lord of the earth”]. These 2 witnesses cannot be killed in 1260 days because fire comes from them to kill their attackers, and also, they have power to stop the rains and turn waters into blood, and to release plagues on earth. After 1260 days, the “Beast” will kill the 2 witnesses. Their bodies will be exposed to everyone to see for 3.5 days in a city called “Sodom and Egypt” [technically, in Jerusalem]. While the earth rejoices at their exposed dead bodies, after 3.5 days, God will resurrect them in a great earthquake which will also destroy cities and kill 7000 people, forcing the rest of the “outer-court” nations to give glory to God (10:12-13)

o Seventh Trumpet [Third and Last Woe]: Victory, “The kingdom of the world has become the kingdom of our Lord and His Christ:”

- 24 Elders worship

- A pregnant woman wearing the sun, having the moon under its feet and with a 12-starry crown, appears in the sky

- A diademed seven-headed, and ten-horned Great Red Dragon (also known as “Serpent” or devil” or “Satan”, see 12:9) appears and with its tails sweeps away a 3rdof heavenly stars and throws them to the earth; it stands before the woman, ready to kill her child soon as it is born!

- But the male royal child who is born is recused away into heaven, to ascend His throne in heaven

- The woman is also rescued, to the desert to be kept there for 1260 days;

- War breaks out in heaven: Archangel Michael leads God’s army, against the Red Dragon with its angels (demons) – Satan loses and he and his demons are thrown down to the earth; now Satan and his demons cannot reside anywhere in heaven.

- Salvation is announced, Satan can no longer accuse the brethren; the blood of the Lamb and the words of the people of God’s testimony have overcome the devil (see 12:11);

- Heaven can rejoice; earth and the sea are in trouble, “because the devil has come down to you, having great wrath, knowing that he has only a short time,” (see 12:12:

- On earth and sea [the woman also being there in the desert], the devil now persecutes the woman. To protect the woman, she is given two wings of the great eagle to be nourished and protected from the Serpent.

- The woman’s [Church’s] children are all those who keep God’s commands: Satan is making war with them.

- The Beast (Serpent, Satan, devil, Red Dragon) summons for help – another beast comes of the sea: it has 10 horns, 7 heads with 10 diadems on its horns, with a blasphemous name on its heads (see chapter 13). The new beast looks like a leopard, feet like a bear, mouth like a lion, and it was given power and authority by the Dragon – it would exercise this power and authority for 42 months. It insults God and those who believe in God;

- A second beast is revealed (see 13:11): It comes out of the earth (unlike the first beast which came out of the sea), it has 2 horns like those a lamb but spoke like a Dragon – he forces the earth to worship the first beast (“whose fatal wound was healed” – see 13:12); it performs signs and wonders, and forces the earth’s people to create an idle to the image of the first beast – those who refuse to worship the beast will be killed. It forces all nations and kingdoms to receive the “Mark of the Beast” on their foreheads, without it, they can’t sell or buy, see 13:17.

- It is revealed that the second beast will be a “man,” whose number is 666 (see 13:18)

- Lamb stands on Mount Zion (Chapter 14)

- With the 144,000 with Lamb’s and the Father’s names written on their foreheads

- Sound-like voice, like thunderous music playing from heaven

- A mysterious song is sung before the Throne of God; only the “redeemed, virgins, eunuchs, blameless” 144,000 can understand it

o Another Angel [1st Angel] appears, flying in mid-heaven (14:6)

- With Eternal Gospel to preach to the earth’s inhabitants: “Fear God and give Him glory” (14:7)

- Another Angel [2nd Angel] appears, announcing, “Fallen, fallen is Babylon the great…” (14:8)

- Another Angel (3rd Angel), warning, “If anyone worships the beast and his image, and receives a mark on his forehead or on his hand, he will also drink of the wine of his wrath…” (14:9-11)

v- Perseverance is recommended for those who fear God (14:12)

- Blessed will be those who die in the Lord (14:13)

- Jesus appears sitting on a white cloud (14:14): 

- He has a golden crown on His head, and a sharp sickle in His hand

- Another Angel (4th Angel),out of the Temple, [to Jesus sitting on a cloud] “Put in your sickle and reap… (14:17-20)

- God’s wrath in form of wine turns the earth into blood

11.2 Seven Angels with Seven Plagues (15:1 ff) appear:

· Sea of Glass mixed with fire – those victorious over the beast and its mark sing the “Song of Moses and of the Lamb” on or around the Glass Sea (15:2-4)

· Temple of the Tabernacle of Testimony in heaven opens (15:5)

- Seven Angels with plagues come out of the Temple clothed with “linen, clean and bright, and girded around with golden sashes” (15:6)

- [One of the four creatures gave the Seven Angels with Plagues seven golden bowls full of God’s wrath]

- The temple is filled with God’s glory and power and no one could re-enter the Temple until the seven plagues were finished (15:8)

· Preparation to pour out the seven bowls full of plagues (16:1 ff)

o First Angel [1st Bowl]: Poured on earth – loathsome and malignant sore on the people who had the beast’s mark and who worshipped the image (16:2)

o Second Angel [2nd Bowl]: Poured into the sea – dead-man-like blood, and every living thing in the sea died (16:3)

o Third Angel [3rd Bowl]: Poured into the rivers and springs of water – they became blood, revenge for those who were killed on account of their righteousness (16:4)

o Fourth Angel [4th Bowl]: Poured on the sun – men were scotched with fire and fierce heat, yet these people didn’t repent or give God the glory (16:7-9)

o Fifth Angel [5th Bowl]: Poured on the throne of the beast – the beast’s kingdom became darkened, painful, yet they did not repent of their evil deeds (16:10-11)

o Sixth Angel [6th Bowl]: Poured on the Great River Euphrates – its water became dried, to prepare way for the kings of the east (16:12):

- Due to the 6th Bowl, the Dragon, beast and the false prophet spit out “three unclean spirits like frog” (spirits of demons performing signs and gatherings kings of the earth for the Great War):

- God’s Warning: “Behold, I am coming like a thief … (16:15)

- The battle will be called “Har-Magedon” (16:16)

o Seven Angel [7th Bowl]: Poured into the air, and a loud voice out of the Temple says, “It is done” (16:17

- Flashes of lightening and sounds of peals thunder

- There is great earthquakes (tsunami-type)

- Jerusalem (“great city”) is split into three

- Cities of the nations fall

- Babylon is punished with God’s wrath

- All islands fly away

- Mountains disappear

- 100-pound hailstorms each fall upon men (but men still don’t repent)

o The Great Harlot who sits on many waters is judged (17:1 ff): 

- She was queen of immorality

- She resided in the desert “sitting on a scarlet beast, blasphemous and having 7 heads and 10 horns” and she “was clothed in purple and scarlet, and adorned with gold and precious stones and pearls, having in her hand a gold cup full of abominations and of the unclean things of her immorality,” and ‘on her forehead a name was written, a mystery, ‘BABYLON THE GREAT, THE MOTHER OF HARLOTS AND OF THE ABOMINATIONS OF THE EARTH” (17:3-5) 

- Mystery of the woman explained (7 heads and 10 horns) (17:8-18)

- Beast is bout to come out of the abyss and inflict destruction on those on earth whose names have not been written in the Book of Life

- Seven heads = seven mountains on which the woman sits = seven kings (5 are fallen; 1 still stands; and 1 is yet to come soon) (17:9-10)

- The beast itself is part of these kings, and is the 8th head/king (17:11) 

-  Ten horns = 10 kings without a kingdom, “but they receive authority as kings with the beast for one hour,” and they have only one purpose, “they give their power and authority to the beast,” (17:12-13)

- The beast, and 7 heads and 10 horns will wage war against the Lamb, but the Lamb “will overcome them, because He is Lord of lords and king of kings…” (17:14)

- Waters where the Harlot sits = people, multitudes, nations and tongues (17:15)

- 10 horns + the beast: will “hate the harlot and will make her desolate and naked, and will eat her flesh and will burn her up with fire,” (17:16), and this will happen because, “…God has put it in their heart to execute His purpose…” (17:17)

- The woman = the great city, which reigns over the kings of the earth,” (17:18).

- Another angel with great authority appears (18:1 ff)

- He cries out, “Fallen, fallen is Babylon the great!” (18:2); the Lord has judged her (18:8) and those who “traded” with her will mourn (18:9-19)

- Those who did not participate in her harlotry will rejoice, “Rejoice over her, O heaven, and you saints and apostles and prophets, because God has pronounced judgment for you against her,” (18:20)

- Babylon will be thrown like a large stone thrown into the sea, to disappear forever (18:21-24)

11.3 Heaven opens up (19:1 ff):

· The four-fold Hallelujahs (19:1), (19:3), (19:4), and (19:6)

· White horse out of heaven: “Faith and True” sits on it (19:11)

o His description: eyes = flames of fire; on His head = many diadems; has a name only known to Himself; clothed a robe dipped in blood; His name is called, “The Word of God.” (19:13)

o He has a heavenly army clothed in linen on white horses; from His mouth comes a sharp sword; on His robe and thigh is written: “KING OF KINGS, AND LORD OF LORDS.” (19:14-16)

· An Angel [from God] standing in the sun (19:18)

o Invites all to the “great supper of God,” (19:17)

· Beast and kings of the earth assemble their army to fight against “Him who sits on the horse and against His army,” (19:19)

o The beast, false prophet, seized and thrown into “the lake of fire,” (19:20) and the rest of their army are “killed with the sword which came from the mouth of Him who sat on the horse…” (19:21)

· An Angel [from God] holding a key of the abyss and having a great chain in his hand (20:1 ff)

o Satan is bound for 1000 years, thrown into the abyss and sealed up,” (20:2-3)

· Thrones appear, to judge the righteous [only the souls of “those who had been beheaded because of their testimony of Jesus and because of the word of God, and those who had not worshipped the beast or his image, and had not received the mark on their forehead and on their hand; and they came to life and reigned with Christ for 1000 years. The rest of the dead did not come to life until the 1000 years were completed. This is the first resurrection.” (20:4-5)] (20:1 ff)

o Those who take part in this first resurrection are blessed (20:6)

· After 1000 year are completed (20:7 ff)

o Satan is released from his prison

o Satan gathers nations, from “Gog and Magog” in sandy multitudes to war final war

o Satan surrounds God’s camp (“beloved city”) were the saints have camped for 1000 years, but “fire came down from heaven and devoured them,” (20:9)

o The devil is finally thrown into “lake of fire and brimstone, where the beast and the false prophet are also; and they will be tormented day and night forever and ever,” (20:10)

· The Great White Throne (20:11)

o Heaven and earth disappear

o The dead, small and great appear

o “Books were opened, and another book was opened, which is the book of life; and the dead were judged from the things which were written in the books, according to their deeds,” (20:12, also 13)

o “Then death and Hades were thrown into the lake of fire. This is the second death, the lake of fire. And if anyone’s name was not found written in the book of life, he was thrown into the lake of fire,” (20:14-15)

· The New Heaven and New Earth (21:1 ff)

o Old heaven and old earth, are gone

o There is no sea

o A new holy city is made, “new Jerusalem, coming out of heaven from God, made ready as a bride adorned for her husband,” (21:2)

o God is now among men (21:3)

o No more tears, no more death, no more pain, and all things are new, God becomes the beginning and end (“Alpha and Omega”), no thirst, because everyone can drink from the “spring of the water of life without cost,” God is their forever Father – (21:4-6)

o Outside of the city are, “the cowardly, unbelieving…” (21:9)

· The Bride, wife of the Lamb is revealed (21:9 ff)

o It’s a City, Jerusalem

o With God’s glory

o Brilliant like crystal-clear jasper

o With great and high wall, with 12 gates and 12 angels are stationed there (names of the gates are the 12 tribes of Israel)

o The city is measured, materials are jasper and pure gold and precious stones

o There is no temple in the city, God and the Lamb are its Temple; there is no sun/light, the Lamb is its light

o There is no night; the gates will never close

o “…and they will bring the glory and the honor of the nations into it; and nothing unclean, and no one who practices abomination and the lying, shall eve come into it, but only those whose names are written in the Lamb’s book of life,” (21:26-27)

· The Throne and River of Life (22:1 ff)

o The river of the water life, clear as crystal, “coming from the throne of God and of the Lamb, in the middle of its street” (22:1-2)

o On either side of the river is the “tree of life” (this bears fruits every month and is ever green)

o No more curses